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Amsterdam Tourist Attractions


Amsterdam Tourist Attractions - Amsterdam is not only the capital of the Netherlands, it is also the biggest city. “Amsterdam” comes from the phrase “Amstel dam,” which gives a clue to the origins of the city – it is a damn on the Amstel River. This is appropriate, as Amsterdam is mostly famed for its historic port, as well as the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, the red light district, the liberal policies for coffee shops, and its numerous canals. The sheer number and volume of the latter is the reason that Amsterdam is known as the Venice of the North.

The first records pointing to Amsterdam date back to 1275. This, too, is important in relations to the town’s name. The record in question states that Count Floris V freed the fishing village’s residents from having to pay a bridge toll. These inhabitants had constructed a bridge, complete with a damn, over the Amstel River. The actual wording reads, “homines manentes apud Amestelledamme,” which translated into, “people living near Amestelledamme.” Around the first half of the 14th century, the name evolved into “Aemsterdam.” In fact, it gained its city rights during the earliest years of the 1300s.

From that point on, the city thrived. This was largely thanks to the fact to the trade Amsterdam had established with the Hanseatic League. A Eucharistic miracle allegedly took place in the Kalverstraat in 1345, which led to Amsterdam becoming the destination for religious pilgrimage. This ended after the emergence of the Protestant religion.

A great many architecturally, culturally, and historically important buildings were construction throughout the 15th century. During the 16th century, a war of independence broke out; the Dutch were rebelling against Spanish reign. Amsterdam initially sided with Spain, and then changed alliances, which resulted in the reinstatement of religious freedom. Many Europeans, in whose country religious restrictions and condemnations still reigned, sought refuge in Amsterdam.

During the 17th century, the city glowed through its Golden Age, only to go through a decline in the 18th and 19th centuries. Although the Industrial Revolution made things improve, Amsterdam did not reach the same heights. World War I simply struck a blow to trade and industry in Amsterdam, but World War II practically wiped out Amsterdam’s entire Jewish population.

In the 1960s, however, thanks to its liberal views and tolerance, Amsterdam became popular once again. For a while during the 1980s, the tranquility was interrupted by riots and police rebellions, but Amsterdam has since become as calm as it ever was, and it is still just as tolerant.

During your stay you should try and visit as many of the Amsterdam tourist attractions as possible.

 

Amsterdam Tourist Attractions

Amsterdam Tourist Attractions

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Amsterdam Map You can find a great interactive street map for Amsterdam Netherlands here. You can find any location you need in Amsterdam by panning around the map.

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